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The Royal Antediluvian Order of Buffaloes

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Royal Antediluvian Order of Buffaloes (R.A.O.B.)


The Royal Antediluvian Order of Buffaloes  is one of the largest fraternal organisations in the United Kingdom and around the World. The order started in 1822 and is known as the Buffs to members.

The RAOB organisation aids members, their families, dependents of former members and other charitable organisations.

The Order’s motto is “No Man Is At All Times Wise” (Latin: Nemo Mortalium Omnibus Horis Sapit) and it has the maxim of “Justice, Truth and Philanthropy”. The Order has a Rule Book, Manual of Instruction and Ceremony Lectures issued and revised by the Grand Lodge of the Banner in question. The largest Banner in the Order is The Grand Lodge of England which issues Charters to other Banners, subject to a number od rules to ensure conformity to the Rules of the Order in general. The Order has many Banners in UK and across the World and we are proud to be the GRAND LODGE OF CYPRUS.


Origin in London

The RAOB was begun in the Harp Tavern (opposite the Drury Lane Theatre) by the artist Joseph Lisle and comedian William Sinnett, along with stage hands and theatre technicians, in August 1822. It drew its then name of The Buffaloes from a popular song of the time: We’ll chase the Buffalo. This first meeting is historically the Harponian Lodge. As members toured the country with various shows, lodges were opened in other towns.

During the 19th century the Order spread throughout the British Commonwealth and lodges now exist in Britain, Northern Ireland, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Middle East, India, Africa, Gibraltar and of course, us inCyprus.


New Lodges & Provincial Grand Lodges:

As the Order spread through the United Kingdom, when a lodge opened in a new area, it became a Mother Lodge, from which subsequent Minor Lodges would be opened. The Mother Lodge would support and advise new lodges on rules and administration of membership. These Mother Lodges developed into the body responsible for administration and organisation, and as the Order grew District Grand Lodges and later Provincial Grand Lodges were opened. Up until December 2020 Cyprus had a Provincial Grand Lodge responsible for 6 Minor Lodges, Aphrodite Bitter Lake, Dhekelia Garrison, James Mercury, Troodos Pride of Cyprus, Tomb of The Kings and Unity in Cyprus. In recent History, there has been two Provincial Grand Lodges on the Island and many more Minor Lodges. The Provincial Grand Lodge of Cyprus decided to form its’ own Banner, now known as Grand Lodge Of Cyprus’ under a Charter issued by Grand Lodge of England in November 2020 and officially launched 1st January 2021.


Grand Lodge of England:

In April 1866, a Grand Lodge (later known as the Grand Lodge of England) was formed to control the Order, to set laws, to establish procedures and manage administration. Divisions within the Order led to break-ups and the Grand Lodge of England fractured into smaller ‘Banners’ between which there was often rivalry. One Banner became the Grand Lodge of England Ltd, wrongly believing that by forming as a company they could gain exclusive usage of the name. The ‘Grand Surrey Banner’ proclaimed itself Mother Lodge of the World. Dozens of Banners were created around London, and many more elsewhere.

Name changes:

The Order’s honorifics of “royal” when it did not have royal patronage nor a Royal Charter and “antediluvian” when its foundations are of historical record, or that it is a chivalric orderalthough it had no standing nor recognition from any house of nobility, are meant to add mock solemnity to its fellowship status and have no more veracity than its having anything to do with the buffalo.

The Seditious Meetings Acts of the 19th century affected the gatherings of clubs throughout Britain. To overcome this and show the Buffaloes were not subversive to the interest of the state, the Order described itself as the “Loyal Order of Buffaloes”‘. The word “loyal” was often mispronounced as royal, and soon stuck.The addition of antediluvian(meaning before the time of the flood in the Bible, and referring to the Order’s principles)occurred in the 1850s.

The Royal Warrant Act required[any organisation using the ‘royal’ prefix to register with the Lord Chamberlain’s Office and to desist from using the title if permission was not granted. Since the Buffaloes had been using the title from the 1840s, the Lord Chamberlain agreed that no objection would be raised to continued use of the title on the grounds of long usage, provided no act by the Order arose that would disgrace its use

Twentieth century

First World War RAOB GLE Ambulance c. 1916

The First World War led to temporary or even permanent closure of many Lodges due to the enlistment of members. The Buffs supported the war effort through supplying ambulances to bring wounded soldiers back from the front lines. Initially six motorised ambulances were purchased, and sent with each one manned by

‘Volunteer Buffs’. More followed and, on their return after the war, the ambulances formed the first ambulance service in England.




In 1926, Lord Alverstone succeeded in persuading the Order to purchase Grove House, Harrogate, for use as an orphanage to which every active member contributed a ha’penny (half of one old penny).When the orphanage was no longer a requirement after the state took over responsibility for orphans, the Order began a new convalescence Fund and utilised Grove House for this purpose and the use of the Members. Sadly, following lean times and the enormous costs in maintaining a Convalescence home this has since closed and been sold.


During the Second World War, the Order offered Grove House for use as a military hospital.

In 1949, an international convention in Glasgow reported over 1000 attendees from around 4000 lodges, and was to celebrate 130 years of the Order. Sir Andrew Murray, (not the tennis player)  the Lord Provost, addressed the conference

Present day


The RAOB continues its work in the local community, helping those its members promise to assist in times of difficulty or need. Minor Lodges throughout the United Kingdom and the rest of the world raise money for charities and charitable causes.

As with many organisations dating from the pre-Victorian period, there has been a noticeable decline in membership since a boom in the 1970s. By 2012 Scotland’s oldest lodge, the Royal Edinburgh Lodge No. 854, was down to 25 members.[5]


Membership is open to all males over the age of 18 who are willing to declare that they are “true and loyal supporters of the British Crown and Constitution”. Discussion of politics or religion and sport is strictly forbidden at gatherings, as is gambling.


The Order has three tiers: Minor Lodges, Provincial Grand Lodgesand the Grand Lodge. Each Province may also have a Knights Chapter and Roll of Honour (ROH) Assembly, the minimum entry requirement being that the member has attained the appropriate degree to be admitted.

Charitable funds exist at Lodge, Province and Grand Lodge levels to assist members of the Order and/or their dependents requiring assistance.


Office and Degrees

There are four degrees within the RAOB:

  1. Brother (1st degree) (Kangaroo)
  2. Certified Primo (2nd degree)
  3. Knight of the Order of Merit (Knight Sir) (3rd degree)
  4. Roll Of Honour (Right Honourable Sir) (4th degree)

In a Minor Lodge, there are 12 officers:

  1. Worthy Primo
  2. City Marshall
  3. City Secretary
  4. City Treasurer
  5. City Chamberlain
  6. City Tyler
  7. City Constable
  8. City Registrar
  9. City Minstrel
  10. City Waiter
  11. Alderman of Benevolence
  12. Lodge Trustees x 3

The Grand Lodge of Cyprus:

The Idea and desire to form our own Banner in Cyprus was initially raised in July 2018 at a meeting of the Provincial Grand Lodge, following a question raised by the James Mercury Lodge on whether this was indeed an option. There was a great deal of resistance to the idea of leaving a Banner, steeped in history and holding all the nostalgia, processes, membership and knowledge and starting from ‘;scratch’ and on our own. It soon became obvious that Grand Lodge of England had recognised the difficulties of administrating a Member Province, 2500 miles away, with a different currency and they supported us from day one and eventually agreed too and issued a Charter allowing us to do so in November 2020.

The Grand Lodge of Cyprus Launched on 1st January 2021.